Publications from the Landry Lab

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Accepted or in press

Leducq JB, Henault M, Charron G, Nielly-Thibault L, Terrat Y, Fiumera HL, Shapiro BJ and CR Landry. Mitochonrial recombination and introgression during speciation by hybridization. Molecular Biology and Evolution. In press.

Eberlein C, Nielly-Thibault L, Maaroufi H, Dube AK, Leducq JB, Charron G & CR Landry. The rapid evolution of an ohnolog contributes to the ecological specialization of incipient yeast species. Molecular Biology and Evolution. In press.

Charron G & CR Landry. No evidence for extrinsic postzygotic isolation in a wild Saccharomyces yeast system. Biology Letters. In press.

Marsit S, Leducq JB, Marchant A, Durand E, Filteau M & CR Landry. Evolutionary biology through the lens of budding yeast comparative genomics. Nature Reviews Genetics. Accepted.

Published work


David Peris, Ryan V. Moriarty, William G. Alexander, EmilyClare Baker, Kayla Sylvester, Maria Sardi, Quinn K. Langdon, Diego Libkind, Qi-Ming Wang, Feng-Yan Bai, Jean-Baptiste Leducq, Guillaume Charron, Christian R. Landry, José Paulo Sampaio, Paula Gonçalves, Katie E. Hyma, Justin C. Fay, Trey K. Sato and Chris Todd Hittinger. Hybridization and adaptive evolution of diverse Saccharomyces species for cellulosic biofuel production. Biotechnology for Biofuels 2017

Diss G., Gagnon-Arsenault I., Dion-Coté A-M.Vignaud H.Ascencio D. I.Berger C. M.Landry C. R. Gene duplication can impart fragility, not robustness, in the yeast protein interaction network. Science (2017). DOI: 10.1126/science.aai7685. [View full text] [pdf]

Hébert, F.O., S. Grambauer, I. Barber, C.R. Landry, N. Aubin-Horth. Major host transitions are modulated through transcriptome-wide reprograming events in Schistocephalus solidus, a threespine stickleback parasite. Molecular Ecology (2017). DOI: 10.1111/mec.13970

Xia W, Nielly-Thibault L, Charron G, Landry CR, Kasimer D, Anderson J and LM Kohn. Population genomics reveals structure at the individual, host-tree scale and persistence of genotypic variants of the undomesticated yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus in a natural woodland. Molecular Ecology (2017).DOI: 10.1111/mec.13954

Hénault M & CR Landry. When nuclear-encoded proteins and mitochondrial RNAs do not get along, species split apart. EMBO Reports. (2017) DOI: 10.15252/embr.201643645




Caron D, Byrne DP, Thebault P, Soulet D, Landry CR, Eyers PA and S. Elowe. Mitotic phosphotyrosine network analysis suggests a role for tyrosine phosphorylation in the regulation of Polo-like-kinase 1 (PLK1). Science Signaling (9) rs14 (2016)

Filteau M, Charron G and CR Landry. Identification of the fitness determinants of budding yeast on a natural substrate. The ISME Journal. (9 December 2016) | doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.170

Bleuven C and CR Landry. Molecular and cellular bases of adaptation to a changing environment in microorganisms. Proceedings of the Royal Society B . Published online, 26 oct 2016.

Peris D, Langdon Q, Moriarty QV, Sylvester K, Bontrager M, Charron G, Leducq JB, Landry CR, Libkind D and CR Hittinger. Complex ancestries of lager-brewing hybrids were shaped by standing variation in the wild yeast Saccharomyces eubayanus. PLoS Genetics.12(7):e1006155. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006155.

Hebert FO, Grambauer S, Barber I, Landry CR & N Aubin-Horth. Reference transcriptome for the parasite Schistocephalus solidus: insights into the molecular evolution of parasitismGigaScience 20165:24.

Leducq JB, Nielly-Thibault L, Charron G, Eberlein C, Verta JP, Samani P, Sylvester K, Hittinger C, Bell G and CR Landry. Speciation driven by hybridization and chromosomal plasticity in a wild yeast. Nature Microbiology. 2016 1, 15003. doi: 10.1038/nmicrobiol.2015.3.

Landry CR. Analysis of biological systems. Invited book review for The Quarterly Review of Biology. June 2016.

Verta JP, Landry CR and J Mackay. Dissection of eQTL allele-specificity using a haploid/diploid plant system – insights into the evolution of compensatory cis-trans effects within populations.  New Phytologist, 2016. 211: 1.

Barbosa R, Almeida P, Safar SVB, Santos RO, Morais PB, Nielly-Thibault L, Leducq JB, Landry CR, Gonçalves P, Rosa CA and JP Sampaio. Evidence of natural hybridization in Brazilian wild lineages of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genome Biology and Evolution. 2016 Jan 18. pii: evv263.

Filteau M, Hamel V, Landry CR.  La levure à vin comme modèle pour l’étude des gènes et des maladies humaines dans un contexte personnaliséMédecine/Sciences. Invited short article.

Michnick SW, Landry CR, Levy ED, Diss G, Ear PH, Kowarzyk J, Malleshaiah MK, Messier V and Tchekanda E. Protein-fragment complementation assays for large-scale analysis, functional dissection, and spatiotemporal dynamic studies of protein-protein interactions in living cells. Cold Spring Harb. Protoc, 2016. doi:10.1101:pdb.top083543.

Michnick SW, Levy ED, Landry CR, Kowarzyk J and Messier V. The dihydrofolate reductase protein-fragment complementation assay: a survival-selection assay for large-scale analysis of protein-protein interactions. Cold Spring Harb. Protoc, 2016. doi:10.1101:pdb.prot090027.

Diss G and CR Landry. Combining the Dihydrofolate Reductase Protein-Fragment Complementation Assay with Gene Deletions to Establish Genotype-to-Phenotype Maps of Protein Complexes and Interaction Networks. Cold Spring Harb. Protoc


Filteau M, Hamel V, Pouliot MC, Dubé AK, Gagnon-Arsenault I and CR Landry. Evolutionary rescue by compensatory mutations is constrained by genomic and environmental backgrounds. Molecular Systems Biology.2015 Oct 12;11(10):832. doi: 10.15252/msb.20156444.

Filteau M, Vignaud H, Rochette S, Diss G, Chrétien AE, Berger C and CR Landry. Multi-scale perturbations of protein interactomes reveal their mechanisms of regulation, robustness and insights into genotype-phenotype maps. Briefings in Functional Genomics. 2015 Oct 17. pii: elv043. doi: 10.1093/bfgp/elv043.

Eberlein C, Leducq JB and CR Landry. The genomics of wild yeast populations sheds new light on the domestication of Man’s best (micro) friend. Molecular Ecology. 2015 Nov;24(21):5309-11. doi: 10.1111/mec.13380.

Nigg M, Laroche J, Landry CR and L Bernier. RNAseq Analysis Highlights Specific Transcriptome Signatures of Yeast and Mycelial Growth Phases in the Dutch Elm Disease Fungus Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. G3. 2015 Sep 17;5(11):2487-95. doi: 10.1534/g3.115.021022.

Torres-Quiroz F, Filteau M, Landry CR. Feedback regulation between autophagy and PKA. Autophagy. 2015 Jul 3;11(7):1181-3.

Freel K, Charron G, Leducq JB, Landry CR and Schacherer J. Lachancea quebecensis sp. nov., a yeast species consistently isolated from the tree bark in the Canadian province of Quebec. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 2015

Filteau M, Diss G, Torres-Quiroz F, Dube AK, Schraffl A, Bachmann V, Gagnon-Arsenault I, Chretien AE, Steunou AL, Dionne U, Coté J, Bisson N, Stefan E and CR Landry. Systematic identification of signal integration by Protein Kinase A. PNAS 2015. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1409938112.

Hebert FO, Phelps L, Samonte I, Panchal M, Grambauer S, Barber I, Kalbe M, Landry CR & N Aubin-Horth. Identification of candidate mimicry proteins involved in parasite-driven phenotypic changes. Parasites & Vectors. 2015 Apr 15;8(1):225.

Landry CR, Zhong X, Nielly-Thibault L & X Roucou. Found in translation: functions and evolution of a recently discovered alternative proteome. Current Opinion in Structural Biology. 2015 32: 74–80

Djidjou-Boutchueng M, Collard-Simard G, Fortier S, Hébert SS, Kelly I, Landry CR, RL Faure. The last enzyme of the de novo purine synthesis pathway ATIC plays a central role in insulin signalling and the Golgi/endosomes protein network. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics 2015 Feb 16. pii: mcp.M114.047159.

Stockwell SR, Landry CR, Rifkin SA. The yeast galactose network as a quantitative model for cellular memory. Molecular BioSystems 2015 Jan 2;11(1):28-37. doi: 10.1039/c4mb00448e.

Samani P, Low-Decarie E, McKelvey K, Bell T, Burt A, Koufopanou V, Landry CR & G Bell. Metabolic variation in natural populations of wild yeast. Ecology and Evolution 2015  Feb;5(3):722-32

Michnick SW, Landry CR, Levy ED, Diss G, Ear PH, Kowarzyk J, Malleshaiah MK, Messier V and E Tchekanda. Protein-fragment Complementation Assays for Large-scale Analysis, Functional Dissection and Spatiotemporal Dynamic Studies of Protein-Protein Interactions in Living Cells. CSHL Protocols. In press.

Rochette S, Diss G, Filteau M, Leducq JB, Dubé AK and CR Landry. Genome-wide protein-protein interaction screening by Protein-fragment Complementation Assay (PCA) in living cells. Journal of Visualized Experiments. J. Vis. Exp.  2015 (97), e52255, doi:10.3791/52255.


Nguyen Ba A, Strome B, Hua JJ, Desmond J, Gagnon-Arsenault I, Weiss E, Landry CR & A Moses. Detecting functional divergence after gene duplication through evolutionary changes in posttranslational regulatory sequences. PLoS Computational Biology 2014 doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003977

Charron, G, Leducq, JB and CR Landry. Chromosomal variation segregates within incipient species and correlates with reproductive isolation. Molecular Ecology 2014 Sep;23(17):4362-72. doi: 10.1111/mec.12864.

Landry, CR, Freschi, L, Zarin, T &  A Moses. Turnover of protein phosphorylation evolving under stabilizing selection. Frontiers in Genetics, Section Systems Biology. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2014.00245. eCollection 2014.

Goldman, A., Roy, J. Bodenmiller, B., Wanka, S., Landry, C.R., Aebersold, R., Cyert, M.S. (2014) The Calcineurin signaling network evolves via conserved kinase-phosphatase modules that transcend substrate identity.  Molecular Cell 7;55(3):422-35. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2014.05.012

Leducq JB*, Charron G*, Samani P, Dubé AK, Sylvester K, James B, Almeida P, Sampaio JP, Hittinger CT, Bell G & CR Landry. 2014. Local climatic adaptation in a widespread microorganism. PRS B 8;281(1777):20132472. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.2472

Freschi L, Osseni M & Landry CR. 2014. Functional Divergence and Evolutionary Turnover in Mammalian Phosphoproteomes. PLoS Genetics 10(1):e1004062. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004062.

Landry CR & Aubin-Horth N. 2014. Recent advances in ecological genomics: from phenotypic plasticity to convergent and adaptive evolution and speciation. Adv Exp Med Biol 781:1-5. doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-7347-9_1

Rochette S, Gagnon-Arsenault I, Diss G & CR Landry. Modulation of the yeast protein interactome in response to DNA damage. Journal of Proteomics S1874-3919(13)00605-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2013.11.007

Diss G, Ascencio D, DeLuna A & CR Landry. 2014. Molecular mechanisms of paralogous compensation and the robustness of cellular networks. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. doi: 10.1002/jez.b.22555.

Charron G, Leducq JB, Bertin C, Dubé AK & CR Landry. 2014. Exploring the northern limit of the distribution of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces paradoxus in North America. FEMS Yeast Research. doi: 10.1111/1567-1364.12100.



Landry CR*, Levy ED*, Rablo DA, Tarassov K & SW Michnick. Extracting Insight from Noisy Cellular Networks. Cell 155: 983–989. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.11.003.

Diss, G, Dubé, AK, Boutin, J, Gagnon-Arsenault, I, & CR Landry. 2013. A systematic approach for the genetic dissection of protein complexes in living cells. Cell Reports. Published online June 6th 2013. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2013.05.004. Epub 2013 Jun 6. Also see here on Methods in Brief at Nature Methods.

Diss, G, Filteau, M, Freschi, L, Leducq, J-B, Torres, J-F, Rochette, S & CR Landry. 2013. Integrative avenues for exploring the dynamics and evolution of protein interaction networks. Current Opinion in Biotechnology. doi: 10.1016/j.copbio.2013.02.023. Epub 2013 Apr 7.

Verta, JP, Landry CR & JJ Mackay.2013. Are long-lived trees poised for evolutionary change? Single locus effects in the evolution of gene expression networks in spruce. Molecular Ecology. doi: 10.1111/mec.12189. Epub 2013 Jan 7.

Gagnon-Arsenault I, Marois Blanchet FC, Rochette S, Diss G, Dube AK & CR Landry.2013. Transcriptional divergence plays a role in the rewiring of protein interaction networks after gene duplication. Journal of Proteomics. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2012.09.038. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

Freschi L, Torres JF, Dube AK & CR Landry. qPCA: a scalable tool to measure the perturbation of protein-protein interactions in living cells. 2013. Mol. BioSyst. 9:36-43. doi: 10.1039/c2mb25265a.


Leducq JB, Charron G, Diss G, Gagnon-Arsenault I, Dubé AK & CR Landry. 2012. Evidence for the Robustness of Protein Complexes to Inter-Species Hybridization. PLoS Genetics 8(12):e1003161. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003161.

Goyette G, Boulais J, Carruthers NJ, Landry CR, Jutras I, Duclos S, Dermine JF, Michnick SW, Laboissière S, Lajoie G, Barreiro L, Thibault P, Desjardins M. Proteomic characterization of phagosomal membrane microdomains during phagolysosome biogenesis and evolution. Mol Cell Proteomics 2012;11 1365-1377. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M112.021048.

Pavey, S, Bernatchez, L, Aubin-Horth, N & CR Landry. What is needed for next generation ecological genomics? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2012 Aug 16. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2012.07.014.

Landry, CR & SA Rifkin. The genotype-phenotype maps of systems biology and quantitative genetics: distinct and complementary.Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; 2012;751;:371-98. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-3567-9_17.

Diss, G, Freschi, L & CR Landry.2012. Where do phosphosites come from and where do they go after gene duplication? International Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 2012; 2012: 843167. doi: 10.1155/2012/843167

Levy, ED, Michnick SW & CR Landry. 2012. Protein abundance is key to distinguish promiscuous from functional phosphorylation based on evolutionary information. Phil Trans Roy Soc. 2012.19;367(1602):2594-606. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0078.

Lee S, Thebault P, Freschi L, Beaufils S, Blundell TL, Landry CR, Bolanos-Garcia VM, Elowe S. Characterization of the Spindle Checkpoint Kinase Mps1 Reveals a Domain with Functional and Structural Similarities to the Tetratricopeptide Repeat Motifs of the Bub1 and BubR1 Checkpoint Kinases. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2012. 287: 5988-6001. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.307355.


Landry CR. Cell Biology. A cellular roadmap for the plant kingdom. Science. 2011 Jul 29;333(6042):532-3

Freschi L, Courcelles M, Thibault P, Michnick SW & CR Landry. 2011. Phosphorylation network rewiring by gene duplication. Molecular Systems Biology 7: 504. doi:10.1038/msb.2011.43. Supplementary data.

Michnick SW, Ear PH, Landry C, Malleshaiah MK, Messier V.2011. Protein-fragment complementation assays for large-scale analysis, functional dissection and dynamic studies of protein-protein interactions in living cells. Methods Mol Biol. 2011;756:395-425.


Landry CR & SA Rifkin. 2010. Chromatin regulators shape the genotype-phenotype map. Molecular Systems Biology. 6. Nov 30;6:434. doi: 10.1038/msb.2010.97.

Boulais, J. , Trost, M., Landry, C.R., Dieckmann, R., Levy, E.D. , Soldati, T., Michnick, S.W. , Thibault, P., and M. Desjardins. 2010. Molecular characterization of the evolution of phagosomes. Molecular Systems Biology. 2010 Oct 19;6:423. doi: 10.1038/msb.2010.80.

Landry CR & N Aubin-Horth. Gene network architecture as a canvas for the interpretation of ecological genomics investigations. Molecular Ecology 19(23):5084-5085. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04830.x.

Moses AM & CR Landry. 2010. Moving from transcriptional to phospho-evolution: Generalizing regulatory evolution?. Trends in Genetics 26(11):462-7. doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2010.08.002.

Di Poi C., G. Diss, L. Freschi. 2010. Biodiversity matters in a changing world. Biology Letters, doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2010.0567. **Student initiative**

Levy ED*, Landry CR*, Michnick SW. 2010. Cell signaling. Signaling through cooperation. Science. 2010 May 21;328(5981):983-4.

Michnick, S.W., Ear, P.H., Landry, C.R., Malleshaiah, M.K. and V. Messier. 2010. A toolkit of protein-fragment complementation assays for studying and dissecting large-scale and dynamic protein-protein interaction in living cells. Methods Enzymol. 2010;470:335-68. doi: 10.1016/S0076-6879(10)70014-8. Epub 2010 Mar 1. In Guide to Yeast Genetics: Functional Genomics, Proteomics and other Systems Analysis. Weissman, J., Guthrie, C., Fink, G. Eds. Elsevier Press: New York, USA Vol. 470, pp. 335-368.

Fontanillas, P., Landry, C.R., Wittkopp, P., Russ, C., Gruber, J. and Hartl, D.L. 2010. Key considerations for measuring allelic expression on a genomic scale using high-throughput sequencing. Molecular Ecology 19 (Suppl. 1), 212–227. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04472.x.


Landry, C.R.*, Levy, E.D*. and S.W. Michnick. 2009. Weak functional constraints on phosphoproteomes. Trends in Genetics 25:193-7. Top 25 Hottest Articles Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology. doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2009.03.003.

Levy, E.D.*, Landry, C.R.* and S.W. Michnick. How perfect can protein interactomes be? Science Signalling. 2009 Mar 3;2(60):pe11. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.260pe11.

Landry, C.R. 2009. Systems biology spins off a new model for the study of canalization. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 24:63-66. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2008.10.004.


Cheung V, Chua G, Batada N, Landry CR, Michnick SW, Hughes T and F. Winston. 2008. Chromatin and Transcription-Related Factors are Required to Repress Transcription from Within Coding Regions Throughout the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Genome. PloS Biology 6:e277. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0060277.

  • Highlighted Faculty of 1000 – Recommended(3.0)

Tarassov, K.*, Messier, V.*, Landry, C.R.*, Radinovic, S.*, Serna, M., Shames, I., Malitskaya, Y., Vogel, J., Bussey, H. and S.W. Michnick. 2008. An in vivo map of the yeast protein interactome. Science 320:1465-1479. doi: 10.1126/science.1153878.

  • Highlighted Faculty of 1000-Exceptional (8.1)
  • Hot paper by the Scientist
  • Perspective in Science by Jensen and Bork (2008).

Lynch, M., Sung, W., Morris, K., Crown, N., Landry, C.R., Hartl, D.L., Dopman, E., Dickinson, W.J., Okamoto, K., Kulkarni, S., and W. K. Thomas. 2008. A Genome-wide View of the Spectrum of Spontaneous Mutations in Yeast. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA105: 9272-9277. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0803466105.

  • Highlighted Faculty of 1000- Recommended(3.0)
  • Comment in PNAS by A.S. Kondrashov (2008)

Brown, K.M., Landry, C.R., Hartl, D.L. and D. Cavalieri. 2008. Cascading effects of a naturally occurring frameshift mutation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Molecular Ecology 17: 2985-2997. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.03765.x.

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Stefan, E., Aquin, S., Berger, N., Landry, C.R., Nyfeler, B., Bouvier, M. and S.W. Michnick. 2007. Quantification of dynamic protein complexes using Renilla luciferase-fragment complementation applied to protein kinase A activities in vivo. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 16916-16921.

Landry, C.R., Lemos, B., Rifkin, S.A., Dickinson, W.J. and D.L. Hartl. 2007. Genetic properties influencing the evolvability of gene expression. Science317: 118-121.

  • Highlighted Faculty of 1000 – Must read (6.0)

Landry, C.R., Castillo-Davis, C.I., Ogura, A. and D.L. Hartl. 2007. Systems-level analysis and evolution of the Drosophila phototransduction cascade. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 3283-3288.

Landry, C.R. and N. Aubin-Horth. 2007. Ecological annotation of genes and genomes through ecological genomics. Molecular Ecology 16: 4419-4421.

Landry, C.R., Hartl, D.L. and J.M. Ranz. 2007. Genome Clashes in Hybrids: Insights From Gene Expression. Heredity 99: 483-493.

Lemos, B., Landry, C.R., Fontanillas, P., Renn, S.P., Kulathinal, R., Brown, K.M. and D. L. Hartl. Genomic Regulation in Evolution. 2007. Evolutionary Genomics and Proteomics, Editors: Mark Pagel & Andrew Pomiankowski. Sinauer Associates.

Salathia N, Lee HN, Sangster TA, Morneau K, Landry CR, Schellenberg K, Behere AS, Gunderson KL, Cavalieri D, Jander G, and C. Queitsch. 2007. Indel Array: an Affordable Alternative for Genotyping . Plant Journal51:727-37.

  • Highlighted Faculty of 1000 – Must read (4.8)


Landry, C.R., Townsend, J.P., Hartl, D.L. and D. Cavalieri. 2006. Ecological and Evolutionary Genomics of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Molecular Ecology 15: 575-591.

Landry, C.R., Oh, J., Hartl, D.L. and D. Cavalieri. 2006. Genome-wide scan reveals that genetic variation for transcriptional plasticity in yeast is biased towards multi-copy and dispensable genes. Gene 366: 343-351.


Landry, C.R., Wittkopp, P.J., Taubes, C.H., Ranz, J.M., Clark, A.G. and D.L. Hartl. 2005. Compensatory cis-trans Evolution and the Dysregulation of Gene Expression in Interspecific Hybrids of Drosophila. Genetics 171:1813-1822.

  • Highlighted Faculty of 1000 – Recommended (3.0)

Giuntini, E., A. Mengoni, C. De Filippo, D. Cavalieri, N. Aubin-Horth, C. R. Landry, A. Becker, and M. Bazzicalupo. 2005. Large-scale genetic variation of the symbiosis-required megaplasmid pSymA revealed by comparative genomic analysis of Sinorhizobium meliloti natural strains. BMC Genomics 6: 158.

Aubin-Horth, N., Landry, C.R., Letcher, B. and H.A. Hofmann. 2005. Alternative life-histories shape different gene expression profiles in males of the same population. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 272: 1655 – 1662.

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Landry, C., Geyer, L.B., Arakaki, Y., Uehara, T. and S.R. Palumbi. 2003. Recent speciation in the Indo-West Pacific: rapid evolution of gamete recognition and sperm morphology in cryptic species of sea urchin. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 270:1839-1847.

Bernatchez, L. and C. Landry. 2003. MHC studies in nonmodel vertebrates: what have we learned about natural selection in 15 years?. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 16:363-377.


Landry, C. and L. Bernatchez . 2001. Comparative analysis of population structure across environments and geographic scales at Major Histocompatibility Complex and microsatellite Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Molecular Ecology 10: 2525-2540.

Landry, C., Garant, D., Duchesne, P. and L. Bernatchez. 2001. “Good genes as heterozygosity”: MHC and mate choice in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 1473 : 1279-1285.